Homo Sapiens is the only species we know to actively use their consciousness to muse about the nature of consciousness. Nonetheless, this question has largely been left unanswered. There exists a myriad of diverse and often conflicting theories speculating on where consciousness comes from, and how it operates. It is perceived as a wide spectrum within the human experience, from non-pathological ordinary wake to non-dreaming sleep, dreaming sleep, lucid dreaming sleep, orgasm, peak experiences, depersonalisation, sensory deprivation, the vast range of psychedelic states, just as vast as that of psychotic ones. Different schools of thought approached this as a material or spiritual epiphenomenon. We still don’t really know if consciousness is a product of the brain, of the whole body, or neither. Many neuroanatomical and neurofunctional brain structures have been speculated to hold the cornerstone of sentience, from the default mode network (DMN), to the claustrum, and more generally, the neocortex at large. However, this still poorly explains the seemingly astounding intelligence observed in organisms devoid of such structures, from invertebrates, insects, to plants and fungi, notwithstanding unicellular organisms and viruses themselves. Indeed, many key players suggested organic assembly like ourselves are merely a transducer of an external force permeating all that there is, from subatomic particles to the vastness of the void of the observable universe. Drawing from a vast body of neuroscience, pharmacology and electrophysiological research, with a pinch of philosophical inquiry I will attempt to shed more light on this evergreen dilemma.
Tina looks at the developing embryo through the eyes of Dr Jaap van der Wal
Neuroscience and psychology have been unable to address the hard problem of consciousness
When the heart awakens to love, it can carry the human being beyond the horizon of the ego.
The latest research into the relationship between the brain's neuronal firing and consciousness.
It is said in Bengal that the Baul tradition originates from a time unknown, beyond what human history can trace
Family Constellation can be understood as a mindfulness practice.
How can a fish become aware that it swims in that which it seeks?
In this interview with Zaya Benazzo from SAND Italy, Ellen Emmet talks about the relationship between self-enquiry and the exploration of the body through tantra.
Everything in the universe is shakti and spiritual life is the discovery of shakti.
Is it possible to live a life of activity while holding the perception of unity and fulfillment?
Love is the highest and most precious "asset" of human existence.
What does it mean to be yourself from a nondual perspective?
The yogic sages anticipated quantum physics by noting that a subtle vibrational energy is the substratum of everything we know.
Zaya Benazzo interviews Mark Dyczkowski on the history of Tantra
SAND co-founder Zaya Benazzo interviews Turiya Hanover, co-founder of The Path of Love
An exploration of how the wisdom of the ancient traditions integrated in our contemporary lives.
Is there still something we can learn from the traditional use of psychedelic medicines?
Reversing history from Galileo's time, it is now the scientists who refuse to look through the telescope.
Scientists have discovered a unique form of cell messaging occurring in the human brain that's not been seen before.
Evidence that quantum searches are an ordinary feature of electron behavior may explain the genetic code, one of the greatest puzzles in biology.
Sam and Annaka Harris speak with Donald Hoffman about his book The Case Against Reality.
What science and my unusual brain are teaching us about the convergence of reality, love, and the senses
The ancient Greeks dove into this question. But what do modern scientists think?
Scientists discover psychedelic DMT creates waking dream state in brain
Contents of consciousness are the results of active reconstruction of the reality.
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